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Hatteras Indians, some resources


DJ Thornton
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May 7, 2008, 11:13 PM

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Hatteras Indians, some resources Can't Post

On Google you can get about 1,000,000 hits on Hatteras Indians, I have posted some interesting links here re Croatan Indians from what I had time to look thru some are Google Books
Hatteras Indian Tribe
Hatteras. An Algonquian tribe living in 1701 on the sand banks of Cape Hatteras, N. C. east of Pamlico sound, and frequenting Roanoke Island. Their single village, Sandbanks, had them only about 80 inhabitants. They showed traces of white blood and claimed that some of their ancestors were white. They may have been identical with the Croatan Indians with whom Raleigh's colonists at Roanoke Island are supposed to have taken refuge.

a.. Additional Algonquian Indian Resources

a.. Algonquian History

b.. Algonquian Divisions

c.. Algonquian Family

The books presented are for their historical value only and are not the opinions of the Webmasters of the site.

Handbook of American Indians, 1906

The legal designation in North Carolina for a people evidently of mixed Indian and white blood, found in various eastern sections of the state, but chiefly in Robeson County, and numbering approximately 5,000. For many years they were classed with the free Negroes, but steadily refused to accept such classification or to attend the Negro schools or churches, claiming to be the descendants of the early native tribes and of white settlers who had intermarried with them.

About 20 years ago their claim was officially recognized and they were given 9, separate legal existence under the title of "Croatan Indians," on the theory of descent from Raleigh's lost colony of Croatan (q. v.). Under this name they now have separate school provision and are admitted to some privileges not accorded to the negroes. The theory of descent from the lost colony may be regarded as baseless, but the name itself serves as a convenient label for a people who combine in themselves the blood of the wasted native tribes, the early colonists or forest rovers, the runaway slaves or other negroes, and probably also of stray seamen of the Latin races from coasting vessels in the West Indian or Brazilian trade.

Across the line in South Carolina are found a people, evidently of similar origin, designated "Redbones." In portions of west North Carolina and east Tennessee are found the so-called " Melungeons" (probably from French melangé, 'mixed') or "Portuguese," apparently an offshoot from the Croatan proper, and in Delaware are found the "Moors." All of these are local designations for peoples of mixed race with an Indian nucleus differing in no way from the present mixed-blood remnants known as Pamunkey, Chickahominy, and Nansemond Indians in Virginia, excepting in the more complete loss of their identity. In general, the physical features and complexion of the persons of this mixed stock incline more to the Indian than to the white or Negro. See Metis, Mixed bloods.

The books presented are for their historical value only and are not the opinions of the Webmasters of the site.

Handbook of American Indians, 1906

Read more of this article I have only posted part

Native North Carolinians

Albemarle Life Editor

Friday, August 25, 2006

Growing up in Elizabeth City, Marilyn Berry Morrison understood the significance of family history. Along with her three sisters, Morrison was taught the family's story through oral tradition.

Oral tradition is an age-old form of passing along information and its use dates further back than Morrison's family tree. That's the tree that has connected Morrison and her sisters with a number of families and people throughout the region, reaching back to the Hatteras Indians.

The Hatteras, or Croatan, Indians were, she says, her people.

"Our family has never left (the region) and we've been able to trace it back to the 1500s," says Morrison from her Chesapeake, Va. home. "We were the first point of contact the Europeans had with this world."

The Hatteras Indians were a part of a larger group of Indians living in North America known as the Algonquians. The name is derived from the Algonquin language group that is comprised of tribes ranging from the Cheyenne in the West to the Powhatan in Virginia.

Morrison's descendants lived on what is now Hatteras Island and would frequent what is now Roanoke Island for hunting purposes. Living on the island were the Roanoke people. Together the two tribes were a part of the Secotan Confederacy, according to tribal history provided by Morrison's sister, Gemaine Berry Gillis.

The information provided by Gillis is a detailed accounting of the native people's history in the region. According to the history, the Roanoke and Hatteras people remained in the region to the present. They have been the subject of academic study but have never been formally recognized — many North American tribes have not been recognized by the government, including the largest on the East Coast, the Lumbees.

Morrison said many of the families were descendant of the Indians and because the government did not recognize them, they purchased land on Hatteras Island, claiming their stake on their native soil. Since then, many of the families still live along the Outer Banks but want the recognition they believe is their right.

Additionally, they desire that people know their history in the region, before and after the arrival of Europeans.

"We are not the savages history portrays," Morrison says. "We fed and housed the Europeans but they stole our food."

Morrison is referring to the history of colonization on Roanoke Island. On the north end of Roanoke Island Ft. Raleigh was constructed and the colonists lived there when war between them and the native people broke out. When John White and what would become the missing colonists arrived, there was no Indian village on the island as a result of the battles.

The Roanoke Indians had fled to the mainland while the colonists attempted to live at Ft. Raleigh before they went missing and their fate fell to historical conjecture.

But that's the history. And while it's important and integral to Morrison's efforts, it's only part of the story. You see, Morrison and her sisters are seeking state recognition for their tribe, the Roanoke/Hatteras Indians. And their efforts are gaining ground.

According to the 2000 census there are 83 Indians living in Dare County. Those people claim to be descendants of the Croatan and Roanoke people. That's why in 2003 the descendants formally established a council called the Algonquin Indians of North Carolina, Inc., based in Manteo. It is an approved non-profit organization that provides genealogical research "with the intent of filing a petition with the North Carolina Commission on Indian Affairs for official recognition ..." as a tribe.

Hatteras Indians of NC I can't access this Journal some of you at University might you can read the first page


Disappearing Indians Hatteras Indiasn and Doucments,



A report on Research of the Lumbee with some links

THOM001. Thomas, Robert K. “A report on research of Lumbee origins.” Unpublished manuscript, 1976? 71 pages. Key source

Access: A photocopy of the report can be obtained for purposes of research and scholarship from UNC Library Photographic Service for $19.60. To my knowledge, the only publicly available copy is housed at the North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The report is noncirculating (i.e., it cannot be checked out or borrowed through interlibrary loan).

Publication type: Report (unpublished)
Introduction Lost Colony Theory Cherokee Theory
Waccamaw Theory Tri-racial isolates/refugee communities Lumbee oral traditions of migration
Hatteras Indians Cheraw Indians Saponi Indians
Migration from Edgecomb/Granville counties Lumbee surnames and core families Beginnings of Lumbee identity as Indian
Indian presence in Cumberland County Tribal name changes Further research needed


from list

Hatteras Indians

The strongest one was Lumbee descent from Hatteras Indians. Thomas says that what was known of them at the time of his research was that they lived at Cape Hatteras and were a very small tribe (only a dozen families in the early 1700's). They were still at Cape Hatteras in 1754, but an account from a missionary in 1761-63 placed then near Lake Mattamuskeet in Hyde County, N.C., living with the Mattamuskeet Indians. There are no references to them after that. By tracing family names Thomas believes one can follow Lumbee families from Lake Mattamuskeet to the Neuse River to the Black River to the Cape Fear River to Robeson County. He points to the Lumbee tradition, up until World War II, of going to the coast every summer and camping for two or three weeks to fish.
Cheraw Indians
The second tradition Thomas found was descent from the Cheraw Indians around Cheraw, South Carolina. Some of the Chavis families among the Lumbee are descended from Ishmael Chavis, who came from the Cheraw area. Claude E. Lowery, a local historian, believes that many of the Lumbee families in the Red Springs area came into Robeson County around 1820-1830 from Cheraw, S.C. The Lumbee have a tradition that many of their ancestors fought with Barnwell against the Tuscarora in the Tuscarora War. Since Barnwell's army was composed predominantly of South Carolina Indians, particularly Cheraw, this would fit with Cheraw origins for the Lumbee (My Adams families were from Barnwell, SC and York, SC McNeill Familes from Robeson, NC.( is some of my kin
From List
Lumbee surnames/core families
Thomas presents several details regarding family names. He also notes that in the 1700s, many Indians were moving from the Granville-Edgecomb area directly to Robeson County. He also notes that Indians were moving in and out of Robeson County throughout the late 1700s and early 1800s—including Locklears and Oxendines who moved to the mountains of North Carolina and East Tennessee (although most returned to Robeson County around 1830).
Thomas generalizes that the present Lumbee conception of their own history is that they originally “came”from “Roanoke in Virginia,” although this idea isn't particularly relevant for their identity now. This happened sometime before the Revolutionary War, and it began with the “core families”: Locklears, Braveboys, and Oxendines. Other families, such as Ishmael Chavis's, the Woods, and the Stricklands, are representative of other tribes who joined the Robeson County settlement later. Although various families came in from various places, according to Lumbee belief, the central fact is that the Lumbee people were “born” in Robeson County.

American Indians in NC



To understand the story of the Lost Colony, one must read and understand the voyages that preceded it. The problem for most people is that the primary sources are in Old English, incomplete, and vague— at times on purpose— due to the fact that the colony was a secret. The English were at war with Spain and if the location of their settlement got out, the Spanish would find and kill the colonists. The Spanish had already killed off a French attempt to settle down in Florida back in 1562

Very intriguing excert from John Lawsons book, seems to indicate that Sir Walters Ship came in and out, for some reason maybe They were hiding our from the English????

An excerpt from John Lawson's A New Voyage to Carolina (p. 62) article inset from this Coastal Carolina Indians

Sir Walter Raleigh's ship.

I cannot forbear inserting here, a pleasant Story that passes for an uncontested Truth amongst the Inhabitants of this Place; which is, that the Ship which brought the first Colonies, does often appear amongst them, under Sail, in a gallant Posture, which they call Sir Walter Raleigh's Ship; And the truth of this has been affirm'd to me, by Men of the best Credit in the Country.

Google Books, History of NC, Hatteras Indians


Another Goolge Book by same author http://books.google.com/books?id=_b1UL3uysbcC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=Hatteras+Indians&source=web&ots=8g6gQQbRa-&sig=qFRcY0hsOYJVZMERoIDhnHubV9Y&hl=en

If you check the contents page you can search some surnames one is Harrington, the other is Thomas Jones. That some may be interested in. McNeil is mentioned under McKay

Google Book The Lumbee Problem: The Making of an American Indian People By Karen I. Blu


History of NC Hatteras Indians Google Book http://books.google.com/books?id=AmwlAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA20&lpg=PA20&dq=hatteras+indians&source=web&ots=FLM3KW69TF&sig=wmc-40X6ag_ovZlS_R0z5Bre3zE&hl=en

Google Book Hatteras Indians http://books.google.com/books?id=yHs9Qez-B_kC&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=Hatteras+Indians&source=web&ots=WowR_YM0KR&sig=HGqSQz4EUB7gCI75fVFjCENRpzo&hl=en#PPA12,M1

A New Voyage To Carolina By John Lawson Google Books

Madoc: An Essay on the Discovery of America by Madoc Ap Owen Gwynedd in the


Google Book Beufort NC, NC Coastal Indians http://books.google.com/books?id=263DXjMVV0YC&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=Hatteras+Indians&source=web&ots=sqcjSxBam6&sig=VBBpOFeRX-IU7Hio5XnZbmaCJos&hl=en

Searching for the lost Colony DNA Blog

http://the-lost-colony.blogspot.com/2007/09/croatan-indians-of-sampson-county-north.html ( I saw this same article posted on the Melungeon Historical Blog 2008)

North Carolina Tribes


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